Why Is a Pineapple Called a Pineapple?


by James Hunt

Ask an English-speaking person whether they've heard of a pineapple美女视频黄频大全视频, and you'll probably receive little more than a puzzled look. Surely, every schoolchild has heard of this distinctive tropical fruit—if not in its capacity as produce, then as a dessert ring, or smoothie ingredient, or essential component of a Hawaiian pizza.

But ask an English-speaking person if they've ever heard of the ananas fruit and you'll probably get similarly puzzled looks, but for the opposite reason. The average English speaker has no clue what an ananas is—even though it's the name given to the pineapple in almost every other major global language.

In Arabic, German, French, Dutch, Greek, Hebrew, Hindi, Swedish, Turkish—even in Latin and Esperanto—the pineapple is known as an ananas, give or take local variations in the alphabet and accents. In the languages where it isn't, it's often because the word has been imported from English, such as in the case of the Japanese パイナップル (painappuru) and the Welsh pinafel.

美女视频黄频大全视频So how is it that English managed to pick the wrong side in this fight so spectacularly? Would not a pineapple, by any other name, taste as weird and tingly?

To figure out where things went wrong for English as a language, we have to go back and look at how Europeans first encountered the fruit in question, which is native to South America. It was first catalogued by Columbus's expedition to Guadeloupe in 1493, and they called it piña de Indes美女视频黄频大全视频, meaning "pine of the Indians"—not because the plant resembled a pine tree (it doesn't) but because they thought the fruit looked like a pine cone (umm, ... it still doesn't. But you can sort of see it.)

Columbus was on a Spanish mission and, dutifully, the Spanish still use the shortened form piñas to describe the fruit. But almost every other European language (including Portuguese, Columbus's native tongue) decided to stick with the name given to the fruit by the indigenous Tupí people of South America: ananas, which means "excellent fruit."

According to etymological sources, the English word pineapple was to the fruit in 1664, but that didn't end the great pineapple versus ananas debate. Even as late as the 19th century, there are examples of both forms in concurrent use within the English language; for example, in the title of Thomas Baldwin's Short Practical Directions For The Culture Of The Ananas; Or Pine Apple Plant, which was published in 1813.

美女视频黄频大全视频So given that we knew what both words meant, why didn't English speakers just let go of this illogical and unhelpful linguistic distinction? The ultimate reason may be: We just think our own language is better than everyone else's.

You see, pineapple was already an English word before it was applied to the fruit. First used in 1398, it was originally used to describe what we now call . Hilariously, the term pine cones wasn't recorded until 1694, suggesting that the application of pineapple to the ananas fruit probably meant that people had to find an alternative to avoid confusion. And while ananas hung around on the periphery of the language for a time, when given a choice between using a local word and a foreign, imported one, the English went with the former so often that the latter essentially died out.

Of course, it's not too late to change our minds. If you want to ask for ananas美女视频黄频大全视频 the next time you order a pizza, give it a try (though we can't say what you'd up with as a result).

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This Course Will Teach You How to Play Guitar Like a Pro for $29

BartekSzewczyk/iStock via Getty Images
BartekSzewczyk/iStock via Getty Images

美女视频黄频大全视频Be honest: You’ve watched a YouTube video or two in an attempt to learn how to play a song on the guitar. Whether it was through tabs or simply copying whatever you saw on the screen, the fun always ends when friends start throwing out requests for songs you have no idea how to play. So how about you actually learn how to play guitar for real this time?

美女视频黄频大全视频It’s now possible to learn guitar from home with the Bundle, which is currently on sale for $29. Grab that Gibson, Fender, or whatever you have handy, and learn to strum rhythms from scratch.

The strumming course will teach you how to count beats and rests to turn your hands and fingers into the perfect accompaniment for your own voice or other musicians. Then, you can take things a step further and learn advanced jamming and soloing to riff anytime, anywhere. This course will teach you to improvise across various chords and progressions so you can jump into any jam with something original. You’ll also have the chance to dive deep into the major guitar genres of bluegrass, blues, and jazz. Lessons in jam etiquette, genre history, and how to read music will separate you from a novice player.

This bundle also includes courses in ear training so you can properly identify any relative note, interval, or pitch. That way, you can play along with any song when it comes on, or even understand how to modify it into the key you’d prefer. And when the time comes to perform, be prepared with skilled hammer-ons, pull-offs, slides, bends, trills, vibrato, and fret-tapping. Not only will you learn the basic foundations of guitar, you’ll ultimately be able to develop your own style with the help of these lessons.

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Why Is Memorial Day Always on a Monday?

Americans were decorating the graves of fallen soldiers on Memorial Day long before it fell on a Monday.
Americans were decorating the graves of fallen soldiers on Memorial Day long before it fell on a Monday.
Phototreat/iStock via Getty Images

Each year, Memorial Day gives millions of Americans a perfect opportunity to head to beaches or backyard barbecues and relish the bliss of a three-day weekend. In fact, the holiday always takes place on a Monday so you can do just that.

In 1968, Congress passed the Uniform Monday Holiday Act, which requires a few federal holidays to happen on specific Mondays each year; Presidents Day got shifted to the third Monday in February, for example, while Memorial Day was set for the last Monday in May. TIME that Independence Day was also supposed to be moved to a Monday, but the July 4 date was a little too significant to be abandoned for uniformity’s sake. According to Rutgers University history professor Jennifer Mittelstadt, the legislation was mainly enacted because the government thought routine three-day weekends for workers across the nation would give the travel industry a boost.

"Travel organizations had been pushing for three-day weekends like this since the 1950s, and they finally got the employee unions on board and the federal employee unions on board because there was a fair amount of agreement that it’d be good for business," Mittelstadt told TIME.

The Uniform Monday Holiday Act was put into practice in 1971, and we’ve been celebrating Memorial Day on a Monday ever since.

When is Memorial Day 2020?

This year, Memorial Day will be celebrated on Monday, May 25—the earliest date it can fall on. Next year, it’ll occur on the latest possible date: May 31, 2021.

Why is Memorial Day a holiday?

By the time the American Civil War ended in 1865, every corner of the country had sustained devastating losses, and tributes to the fallen soldiers began cropping up in individual communities. On May 5, 1868, General John A. Logan, who headed a foundation for Union veterans, declared that the entire nation should come together for a day of remembrance on May 30—a date chosen because no battle had occurred on that day during the war—and decorate the soldiers’ graves with flowers and other tokens to honor their patriotic sacrifice. “Decoration Day,” as Logan called it, caught on, and every northern state had made it an official holiday by 1890. History.com, the southern states also celebrated Decoration Day, but the exact date varied by state.

After World War I, Decoration Day took on a broader significance: Instead of specifically commemorating the Civil War, people started to use the holiday as an opportunity to pay their respects to fallen soldiers from any U.S. conflict. As TIME , the holiday was officially renamed “Memorial Day” in 1967, and it became a federal holiday with the ratification of the Uniform Monday Holiday Act the following year.

What’s the difference between Memorial Day and Veterans Day?

Veterans Day also honors citizens who have served in the military, but the history behind the holiday is quite different from that of Memorial Day. The first Veterans Day occurred on November 11, 1919, to commemorate the one-year anniversary of the end of World War I. It was originally called “Armistice Day,” but President Dwight D. Eisenhower officially rechristened it “Veterans Day” in 1954, to clarify that the holiday was meant to celebrate all veterans, not just those who served in World War I.

The nature of the celebration is a little different, too. Since Memorial Day is specific to soldiers who died while fighting for their country, the holiday has a more sober tone than Veterans Day, which celebrates still-living veterans along with those who have passed away.

For more on the fascinating history of Memorial Day, head here.

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